Skip to content
Velodrome rules

Velodrome Rules: An Essential Guide for Cycling Enthusiasts

Cycling is a beloved sport that has gained immense popularity in recent years. From road cycling to mountain biking, there are various disciplines within this sport that cater to different preferences. One discipline that stands out is track cycling, which takes place on a velodrome. Velodromes are purpose-built cycling tracks that offer a unique experience for both riders and spectators alike.

If you’re new to the world of track cycling or simply curious about the rules that govern this exciting sport, you’ve come to the right place. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive guide to velodrome rules, ensuring you have a solid understanding of how this exhilarating sport operates.

Track Cycling Basics

Before delving into the specifics of velodrome rules, it’s important to understand some basic concepts of track cycling. Velodrome tracks are typically oval-shaped, with steeply banked corners and a flat straightaway. This design allows cyclists to maintain high speeds while navigating turns with precision.

The most prominent event in track cycling is the pursuit race, where two cyclists start at opposite sides of the track and aim to catch each other within a set number of laps. Other popular events include the scratch race, keirin, team sprint, and individual time trial.

Velodrome Rules and Regulations

When it comes to track cycling, safety takes precedence. Riders must adhere to a set of rules and regulations to ensure fair competition and minimize the risk of accidents. Let’s take a closer look at some key velodrome rules:

  1. No drafting: Drafting, also known as slipstreaming, refers to a rider closely following another cyclist to reduce wind resistance. However, this technique is strictly prohibited in track cycling, as it can result in dangerous situations and unfair advantages.
  2. No crossing the sprinter’s line: The sprinter’s line is a painted line that separates the sprinting lane from the rest of the track. Riders must not cross this line during sprint events, as it can impede other cyclists and lead to disqualifications.
  3. No standing starts: Unlike road cycling or mountain biking, track cycling does not involve standing starts. All races begin with a flying start, where riders build up speed before the official race begins.
  4. Observe pacing rules: In certain track cycling events, such as the individual time trial or team pursuit, pacing rules come into play. These rules dictate how closely cyclists can follow each other or exchange positions while maintaining a fair competition.
  5. Right of way: When overtaking another rider, cyclists must provide adequate space and ensure a safe passing maneuver. The rider being overtaken should maintain their line and not make sudden movements that could endanger others.

Equipment and Attire

In addition to understanding the rules of track cycling, it is crucial for riders to adhere to equipment and attire regulations. These guidelines aim to enhance safety and maintain a level playing field. Here are a few important considerations:

  • Helmets: All riders are required to wear helmets that meet specific safety standards. The helmet should fit properly and be securely fastened at all times.
  • Bicycles: Track cycling bicycles, also known as track bikes or fixed-gear bikes, have a single gear and no brakes. They are designed for high speeds and optimal maneuverability on the velodrome track.
  • Attire: Riders should wear appropriate cycling attire, including skin-tight jerseys and shorts. This helps to minimize wind resistance and allows for greater freedom of movement.

Competition Strategies and Tactics

Apart from following the velodrome rules, riders must also develop effective strategies and tactics to succeed in track cycling competitions. These strategies can vary depending on the event type and personal strengths. Here are a few popular tactics employed by track cyclists:

  1. Drafting: While drafting is not allowed in track cycling races, it can still be utilized during training sessions. Practicing drafting techniques helps riders gain an understanding of the benefits and challenges associated with slipstreaming.
  2. “Knowing when to make your move is crucial in track cycling. Timing your sprint or attack correctly can make all the difference in a race.” – Professional track cyclist

  3. Positioning: Strategic positioning within the peloton is essential. Riders often aim to conserve energy by staying behind other cyclists while maintaining a good position that allows them to respond quickly when required.
  4. Pacing: Consistent pacing is vital in endurance events. Riders must find a balance between pushing their limits and preserving energy to finish strong.
  5. Tactics in team events: Team events, such as team pursuit or team sprint, require close coordination between teammates. Effective communication, timing, and efficient changeovers are critical elements in these events.


Track cycling in a velodrome offers a thrilling and fast-paced experience for both riders and spectators. By understanding the velodrome rules, cyclists can safely compete while showcasing their skills and tactics. Remember to always prioritize safety, wear appropriate gear, and stay informed about the specific rules and regulations of your local velodrome. So grab your bike, head to the velodrome, and embrace the exhilaration of track cycling!

0 0 votes
Article Rating
Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x